Epona's Abundance Rising Oil

“In women's leadership, we find peace, prosperity, and joy. We all thrive.”
~Epona, Horse Goddess, Rite of the Abundant Queen. Bloodroot Honey Priestess Tribe, CAYA Coven.

This past Blue Moon, CAYA Coven’s Bloodroot Honey Priestess Tribe offered their annual Rite of the Abundant Queen, and I received the honor of being asked by a priestess of the BRHP Tribe to prepare an abundance oil for this powerful ritual. This year’s abundance blessing was received from ancient Horse Goddess Epona, worshipped widely throughout the entire Celtic and Roman worlds. Epona teaches women of their strength and sovereignty. The blessed wisdom that our body and our realms are connected and holy helps women discover their wholeness within themselves and all that women can rule. Women can rise in power. To manifest prosperity and abundance for ourselves and each other, the responsibilities of leadership lie in helping each other rise and fostering the wisdom to know we need more than an abundance of wealth and success to change the world. We must also cultivate an abundance of joy and beauty.

In the spirit of abundance, I share with you my recipe and mystical process for creating this oil for yourself and others. All materials and ingredients needed are listed. If there is a local shoppe near you that sells apothecary goods and wares, I encourage you to support your local economy. If not, all materials and ingredients can be found easily online. This is an abundance working. As with any magical act, regardless of how big or small, it is important to set one's intent, for what we put out in the world returns to us threefold. So your very first act in this working will be balancing choices of personal budget with sustainability, quality of products, and merchant's ethics when acquiring the materials to perform this prosperity magic.


  • 3 teeny jars with lids

  • Something to label your bottle of Abundance Oil (Or print the label at the beginning of this post)

  • One clean and dry 4 oz. glass bottle with lid.

  • Optional - Latex or nitrile gloves [for those like myself with sensitive proclivities to touch]

  • One small clean rag for clean up [just in case of dribbles & spills]

Make sure new, unused oil and teeny bottles and 4 oz. glass bottle are clear of dust & particulates. If reusing bottles, clean them thoroughly in the dishwasher or by hand in the kitchen sink. Make sure the containers are cleaned of dust & grime and are dried completely in their insides. This would also be the time to bless your vessels, for they have the sacred honor of holding the magic.


  • Cinnamon

  • Vetiver

  • Rose Geranium

  • Ylang Ylang

  • Orange Sweet

  • Bergamot

  • Black Pepper

  • Sandalwood

  • Frankincense

Undiluted essential oils should not be used directly on skin, they should be mixed with a carrier oil. For this oil blend will be using 4 oz. of olive oil as the carrier.

Safety note regarding essential oils:

  • Keep all essential oils out of reach of children and pets.

  • Avoid the contact of undiluted essential oils on the skin.

  • Do not take Abundance Oil internally.

  • Use essential oils with caution when pregnant or breastfeeding. [Consult your healthcare provider]

  • Please note: If you are allergic to the food or the plant, you will be allergic to its corresponding essential oil.

More info from the National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy.

Beginning three days before the full moon

This working is most powerful when performed during the three days before a Full Moon, culminating on the night of the Full Moon itself. Take the three days before the Full Moon to prep oneself. The notion of abundance, whether related to money, career success, or love, brings up many hopes, dreams, shadows, and fears. Processing through the activities, listed below, over three days will help ready your mind for the awareness needed to center the working. You may also wish to craft a poem, song, chant, prayer, sigil, art, etc that encapsulates the energy of your abundance  working. Spending the three days prior to the Full Moon to complete your symbol allows components to charge on your altar as you progress.  

Day One


Make a list of all abundance in your life. Think beyond material. Abundance is everything: social, emotional, spiritual, etc. Don't forget your talents and qualities. Note all of this and give thanks.

To ground the Abundance Oil, first pour the oils for Epona.

Olive oil symbolizes Epona's Roman connection, and the olive branch is a symbol of peace, especially peaceful relations, amongst people throughout the world. For in women's leadership, we find peace, as well as prosperity and joy. We all thrive. Find within you the peace you currently possess.  You have it. It is there. Focus on it and the abundance of peace flowing from you and returning as you pour the olive oil into your 4 oz. glass container. Charge it on your altar.


Time to lay the foundations for your abundance. Visualize what symbolizes a foundation for your abundance. Is it a literal foundation? A treasure chest? A cup overflowing? During my working with Epona for this oil, eye envisioned a wild chestnut mare grazing contently in a lush, expansive green field near a river. As you feel the energy of your vision, blend the following three oils in the first of the three teeny jars and charge on your altar.

  • 3 drops Cinnamon ~enhance natural feminine magnetic intuitive powers

  • 3 drops Vetiver ~the comfort of knowing you you have everything and all will be provided.

  • 9 drops Rose Geranium ~an abundance of love ties it all together.

Day Two


Gently observe yourself today. How you feel when you spend money? How do you feel when you don't have it? Do you feel you are prosperous? Why? Why not? What are your mental obsessions around abundance & scarcity? Release these shadows and fears by writing them down (let them flow) and tossing them away (let them go). Pour the next three oils and charge on your altar.

  • 3 drops Ylang Ylang ~before abundance can flow, transform negatives to positives

  • 3 drops Orange Sweet ~the smell of knowing you can

  • 3 drops Bergamot ~magnetizes abundance

Day Three

Opening the Way

Make note of any dreams, signs, omens, & serendipities you have had in the last couple of days that correlate to abundance. These are encrypted messages from the Universe. Write them down and read them aloud to yourself.
Note any and all sudden flashes. Pour the next three oils and charge on your altar.

  • 3 drops Black Pepper ~an ultra boost of positivity

  • 3 drops Sandalwood ~increase creativity and adaptability

  • 3 drops Frankincense ~a great spiritual attractor. right alignment in right livelihood. it will also amplify abundance, creating an overabundance to share.

Night of the full moon

Whether you have a home apothecary, work in your kitchen, or at your altar, create your sacred space and gather the olive and the three essential oil blends.  
Center yourself. Breathe. Find your peace.
Set your intent by picking three areas of focus.


  • money

  • shelter

  • food

  • career advancement or change

  • health

  • land

Once you have chosen the three areas of abundance you wish to increase, open to the flow of abundance around you.

Begin your poem, song, incantation, sigil, magical act, etc.
Pour three oil blends into the olive oil.  
Give thanks and gratitude to the Abundant Queen for Her generosity and the gifts she has bestowed upon you.

You may leave the completed blend to charge for three days after the Full Moon or use right away.

May the abundance of the Goddess be forever in your heart.

Merry meet. (^_^)

"Feed someone a fish. They'll eat for a day. Teach them how to fish and they'll eat forever."
~Maimonides sung and paraphrased by Arrested Development with the term "man" replaced by a more inclusive reference

Seasonal Herb Crafting­ - Herbal Allies for Summer (Part 1: Red Clover)

by Meadowlark

Its just past the peak of summer, and the plants have begun to turn their attention from growth to production (and reproduction). Instead of focusing efforts on growing leaves and stems, they are flowering, fruiting and producing seeds. One place in nature where this is imminently evident is in the summer fields and meadows, where lush crops of Red Clover are blooming and buzzing with native pollinators, busily gathering and sipping nectar. An energy of abundance, fertility and manifestation is in the air! Red Clover is a sweet herbal ally that can help us leverage this seasonal energy of abundance and assist us in our own manifestation work.

Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) is a low growing, perennial, flowering plant in the legume (or bean) family, and one of the first plants cultivated by man to improve the soil and as forage for cattle. Red Clover is native to Europe, Western Asia and Northwest Africa, but has been planted and naturalised in many regions of the world, including North America, where it is the state flower of Vermont. The plant is rich in folklore and has been used both magically and medicinally since ancient times.

This childhood rhyme for a four-leaf clover actually originates from the Middle Ages:

One leaf for fame,
One leaf for wealth,
One for a faithful lover,

And one to bring glorious health,
Are all in a four-leaf clover

With all of those magical attributes, what better herbal ally to help us manifest our dreams and desires?

Or, are your goals are a little more physical in nature? Red Clover can help you manifest these goals as well. Full of nutrients such as: calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C, and one of the richest sources of isoflavones (water-soluble chemicals that act like estrogens and are found in many plants), Red Clover can help support vibrant health and vitality. Recent studies (and years of use) show the following health benefits:

  • Cancer prevention and resistance: Red Clover contains the compounds: biochanin-A, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, coumarin, formononetin, genistein and isorhamnetin, which have all demonstrated some anti-cancer properties in various published studies. The plant has traditionally been used to increase resistance to cancer and other diseases (although, due to its estrogen-like qualities, red clover isn't recommended for use against breast cancer), and is a primary ingredient in traditional herbal formulas, such as Essiac Tea, Jason Winters Tea, and the Hoxsey Therapy.

  • Reproductive Health: The isoflavones and other phytosterols in Red Clover have been shown to limit the development of benign prostate hyperplasia in men (a common non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland), and in women, lessen symptoms of PMS or menopause and other conditions associated with low or unbalanced estrogen levels. Red clover has also been a traditional herbal remedy for infertility and chronic miscarriage (both of which can be due to insufficient estrogen).

  • Pre and peri-menopausal Health: Red Clover has been shown to reduce hot flashes/flushes, slow bone loss (and may even boost bone mineral density), raise HDL cholesterol levels (the “good” kind), lower LDL cholesterol levels (the “bad” kind), reduce the risk of forming blood clots and arterial plaques, and increase arterial flexibility and strength, in pre and peri-menopausal women.

  • Respiratory Health: Red clover has been used traditionally to treat whooping cough and other respiratory ailments.

  • Skin Health: Red clover contains several anti-inflammatory compounds, including salicylic acid (the pain relieving compound in aspirin) and is often seen as an herbal ingredient in topical salves and linaments. Red Clover has been shown to treat and relieve the pain of both eczema and psoriasis, as well as sores, burns, and as an aid against skin cancer.



Manifesting Physical Health and Vitality: Are you trying to maintain or build strong bones? A healthy heart and circulatory system? Resistance to cancer? Or maybe trying to conceive and successfully carry a much wanted pregnancy to term? Eating and drinking Red Clover can help support you in these goals.

  • Nourishing Infusion: To make a nourishing infusion, place 1 oz dried red clover blossoms* in 1 quart mason jar (to improve the taste, you can also try including a spoonful or two dried peppermint), fill with boiling water, lid tightly, and allow to steep for 4-10 hours (easiest is overnight). Strain well (composting the spent herbs) and drink warm or chilled, as desired. For best results, drink 2-4 cups a day for at least 30 days. It may take several months to reach the full effect of this herb, and if being used for fertility, pregnancy may take up to a year or two (so keep trying!).

*Note-Since the minerals and other phytochemicals in nourishing herbs are made more accessible by drying, dried herbs are considered best for infusions.

  • Healing Food:The raw young leaves and fresh blossoms have the same vital nutrients as the infusion (albeit in smaller quantities per volume) and can be added to salads and soups or cooked with grains, such as rice or millet, to further support your physical health and vitality. Red clover is also delicious fresh from the meadow (as any young child who has sucked the nectar from these sweet blossoms can attest).

Manifesting Luck, Wealth and Prosperity: Finding a four-leaved clover has always been considered a lucky charm, and clovers have traditionally been believed to provide protection from evil spirits and disease, as well as bring good fortune.

  • Magical Amulet: Traditionally, a clover may be worn over the right breast to bring success in all undertakings, and one may be worn in the hat or placed under the pillow to bring good luck and protection. The five leaf clover is said to be powerful for attracting money and is thus worn for that purpose.

  • Magical Baths: As an external body cleanse, Red Clover is said to attract money and prosperity to the bather. To make a clover bath, infuse dried red clover (as above) and add 1 -2 cups of the strained infusion to the bath (or if conserving water, use a ½ cup as a hair or body rinse in the shower or just a hand rinse prior to spellwork).

Manifesting Love: Want to be more "lucky in love"? Red clover is traditionally used in lust potions, love magic, and spell-work to support marital happiness. Folklore and tradition tell us the following love enhancing properties of clover:

  • If you find a two-leaved clover you will soon find a lover <3

  • If you put a four-leaved clover in your shoe before going out, you will increase your chances of meeting a rich new love.

  • If two people eat a four-leaved clover together, mutual love will develop (except...maybe, if you eat the clover that was in your shoe).

Manifesting “Fairy Sight”: Clover is also believed to be a favorite plant of the Fairies. Some traditions state that holding clover in your hand will gain you the ability to see them...others say to gain "The Sight", one should lay seven grains of wheat on a four-leaved clover. Try one or both methods in your magical garden or a local green space this summer! When you see them, don't forget to make an offering of sweets made with clover honey...maybe they will help you find the love, money or treasures you seek!

Happy Herbcrafting!



  • This article is for informational and educational purposes only. Please consult a licensed or certified health care practitioner before medical or internal use, especially with children, or when pregnant or breastfeeding.

  • Red Clover is ot recommended for use in those with breast or ovarian cancer, liver problems, or those struggling with estrogen dominance conditions (e.g. fibroids, endometriosis, etc)

  • Due to its blood thinning effects, Red Clover is not recommended for those with bleeding and clotting disorders or anyone 2 weeks prior to surgery

  • Potential Drug Interactions: Not recommended for use with contraceptive pills or blood thinners

Seasonal Herb Crafting: Herbal Allies for Spring Part 2 (Dandelion)

by Meadowlark

Due to the early Spring's much needed rainfall, longer days, and warmer weather, we see activity and signs of life everywhere we look. The buds on the trees have turned to leaves, and the flowers are blooming- in parks, gardens and roadsides alike. People are coming out of their homes on weekends and evenings- jogging, biking and working in their yards and gardens. The stillness and dormancy of winter has fully given way to the movement and growth of Spring. No matter what is going on for us now, or what has happened to us in the past, this season provides us all with a chance for fresh starts and fertile beginnings.

By aligning ourselves with the changes and growth all around us, we can leverage the momentum of the season to cultivate our own desires, and manifest our own wishes and dreams. What that looks like for each person will be different. Some might strive increase their energy and vitality, to enable them to get moving and take action; Others might work on exploring their desires and dreams and determining what's needed to plant the seeds of change; Others might make wishes and work magic to enable those wishes to come true. For each of these physical, energetic or magical challenges (and more!), Dandelion (Taraxacum) can be a powerful herbal ally.

Yes, Dandelion, the nemesis of suburban lawn owners, despite its reputation in this country as a nasty lawn weed, is actually a medicinal and magical herb! Dandelion is thought to originate in Asia, but spread before written history, and is intentionally cultivated worldwide as an essential plant for food and health. All of the dandelion (flower, leaf, root and stem) is edible, and high in minerals, especially potassium, and vitamins A, B, C and D, as well as beta-carotene, choline (essential for liver function) and inulin (beneficial for diabetics). Medicinally, it helps to cleanse and support the liver, blood, kidneys and gallbladder, aids in bile production and digestion and reduce gas, blood pressure, fat and cholesterol, as well as increase muscular strength.

Dandelion has a tap root that can extend up to 3 feet underground, and is an extremely hardy plant. Even if the surface plant wilts or is destroyed, it will regrow from the root. From this quality, as well as its life restoring medicinal qualities, it has been considered a magical underworld or otherworld plant, and is magically aligned as such. Dandelion is sacred to Hecate, and according to mythology, she fed this herb to Theseus for 30 days, thus giving him the strength and vitality needed to defeat the Minatoar in the Cretan Labyrinth.

Spring Herbcrafting with Dandelions:

Health & Healing: Sometimes a gentle herbal energy boost may be just what's needed to restore and revive energy and stamina to get those spring projects off the ground! In March, we talked about “Spring Cleaning” and clearing away any dark, negative or sluggish energies of winter to prepare ourselves for the fresh, new growth of Spring. Hopefully, you had a chance to work a bit with Nettles in this endeavor. If not...its not too late! However, If you have been working with nettles and you still feel like you need some additional “spring cleaning”, dandelion can be taken in combination with nettles or by itself as a nourishing and cleansing tonic.

  • Young Dandelion leaves clear blood and lymph and can be used to add flavor and nutrition to salads and sandwiches.

  • The leaves can also be taken as an herbal infusion to support liver and kidney function. To make the infusion, place ¼ cup to ½ cup leaves (either just Dandy or ½ Dandy + ½ Nettles) in 1 quart mason jar, fill with boiling water, lid tightly, and allow to steep for 4-10 hours (I find overnight to be the simplest). Strain well, composting the spent herbs, and drink 2-4 cups a day warm or chilled, as desired.

  • For a healthy herbal coffee substitute, the roots can be roasted, ground and brewed like conventional coffee.

  • The roots can also be added to soups and stews as they simmer, adding additional nutrients and healing qualities. A little goes a long way with this, as dandelion can be bitter, but it is this same bitterness that aids in bile production and digestion.

  • Externally, a strong infusion of the flowers can be used in the bath or as a wash for skin and hair, to ease dry skin, dandruff, excema, etc

Fertility: Spring is a time associated with fertility. Dandelion, with its own fertile nature, can be an ally for those who are trying to conceive a child and prepare their bodies for pregnancy.

  • Magically, dandelions can be used in fertility spells. One only has to visualize the flower in its seed form to realize the power this flower has to germinate and reproduce in great numbers. Make an offering to the spirit of the plant, blow a seed head to spread the seeds across the land, and ask for support with your own and/or your partners fertility.

  • Nourishing and tonifying the liver is an important part of supporting overall reproductive health. The liver helps filter toxins and waste from our bodies, including excess hormones. Taking herbal infusions of the dandelion leaf, decoctions of the root and/or adding leaves or roots to foods (as mentioned above) will help to cleanse the liver and regulate hormone levels in the body. Of course, if there is a medical condition preventing or complicating fertility and pregnancy, additional measures will need to be taken, but liver health is essential for proper hormone balance and functioning.

Divination, Communication & Wishes: Magic is in the air! The wheel has turned to Beltane, when we honor and celebrate birth, life and all things living. Fairies, nymphs and nature spirits abound!  At this time (as with Samhain at the other half of the wheel), the veil between the worlds is thin. It is a perfect time for making wishes and working big magic.

  • Psychic Tea or “coffee” made from the root is said to promote psychic power and can be a useful ally when preparing for divination or dreamwork. For an extra magical boost, save some tea and place it next to your bed to call spirits.

  • A strong infusion of the plant makes an excellent wash for scrying mirrors, or you can make a scrying bowl by filling a suitably reflective bowl with this tea and gazing into the liquid.

  • For protection while sleeping as well as during astral and dreamtime travel, include Dandelion in dream pillows, sachets and mojo bags.

  • Blow on a seed head to make a wish, or use dried flowers in sachets and charms to make Spring wishes come true.

Happy Spring Herbcrafting!

Wheel of the Year Activities: Gathering Sacred Woods for the Beltaine Fire and Making May Wishes on a Hawthorn

by Doyenne Rowan Nightshade

Gathering Nine Sacred Woods for the Beltaine Fire

I love tree magic, I enjoy and resonate with the unique energies of each one, each living tree and type of tree. Being of a celtic persuasion, at this time of year I tend to think about the tree magic that’s traditional for Beltaine, namely gathering the nine sacred woods for the Beltaine fire. I may or may not have an actual Beltaine fire, and if you’re only just now gathering your woods, they won’t be very dry by May 1st (though if you’re a city dweller like I am, you’re probably only gathering twigs, rather than logs). However, you can still gather it and charge it up all year, and then burn it next year instead, and next year gather the wood for the following year, etc. One of the powerful things about this season is that it’s one of the times when the veil between the worlds is thinnest (the other being Samhain), therefore it’s an excellent time to do big magic, to really establish your intention for the next few months, and to manifest growth and good things in your world.


The Nine Sacred Woods, traditionally, are:

  • birch: for new beginnings

  • oak: for strength and protection

  • hazel: for knowledge and for wisdom

  • rowan: for life, for magic, and for protection

  • hawthorn: for wishes, for sweetness in the heart, and for protection

  • willow: for death (all part of the cycle, you know), for vision, and for intuition

  • fir or pine: for birth and rebirth

  • apple: for love

  • (grape)vine: for joy and for happiness

If you live in a place where some of these plants don’t grow, I strongly suggest substituting a local, related tree. For example, rowan and hawthorn are both in the rose family (rosaceae), so maybe there’s another plant in the family that seems to strike the right cord for you. I have substituted wild plum for blackthorn since they are both in the prunus amygdala group (also in the rosaceae family) when making ogham staves, and California sagebrush (an artemisia) for gorse (entirely unrelated), because it seemed to serve a similar function in the environment and just felt right.

Making May Wishes on a Hawthorn

It’s traditional to make wishes on the full moon by tying ribbons to the branches of a hawthorn tree, especially in the month of May, since that’s when it’s generally in full flower (it’s also known as the May Tree). Here in the Bay Area, we’re fortunate to have many hawthorns growing around the edge of Lake Merritt in Oakland, so it wouldn’t be too hard to find one in the moonlight and tie a ribbon onto it. You may want to choose a color that reflects your desire, such as green for prosperity, pink for love, blue for health, and so on; then you can write your wish on it, or even just speak the wish into the ribbon. In case you’re not entirely sure what a hawthorn looks like, I offer the following guide for your edification:

How to Spot Different Types of Trees From Quite a Long Way Away: Hawthorn Edition

How to Spot Different Types of Trees From Quite a Long Way Away: Hawthorn Edition

Herbal Allies & Herb Crafting for Spring (Part 1): Nettles

by Meadowlark


Humans and plants have co-evolved together on this planet since the beginning of life as we know it. We live in a symbiotic relationship--literally sharing every breath. By honoring this relationship and getting to know and sense the unique qualities of different plants and herbs and how they interact with our own unique qualities (physically, chemically, energetically, etc), we can cultivate powerful allies for our magical, medicinal and spiritual work. These plant and herbal allies can also assist us in cultivating harmony within ourselves and with the world around us, as we move through the ever changing energies and challenges that tend to manifest during the various seasons of the year.

This past weekend marked the Vernal Equinox--one of two magical times each year when light and dark, day and night, coexist in perfect balance with one another. It is a time of transition and change. While we may still feel the lingering cold winds or the occasional (and much welcomed) rain shower, we also begin to experience the budding of the trees, the singing of the birds, and the sprouting of delicate new leaves of the spring herbs and flowers. Spring has sprung! It's a time to clear away the winter debris and prepare the fields for planting. For a farmer or gardener, this may literally mean “clearing your fields”. But even if we are not farmers, we can still do this metaphorically. It could be about doing a good spring cleaning of our homes; Or it might mean an internal cleanse of our bodies; or it might be about cleansing and re-consecrating our magical tools. Fortunately, for any of these applications, Nettles (or Urtica dioica) can be a powerful herbal ally.

People have been using nettles for magic, food, medicine, fiber, and dyes since the Bronze Age. Nettles' long, fibrous stems were important in Europe for weaving, cloth-making, cordage, and even paper. Native Americans used them for embroidery, fish nets, and other crafts. In ancient Egypt, reports are found of the use of nettle infusion for the relief of arthritis and lumbago pains. Nettles have also been used magically in various cultures to dispel fear and darkness, and to cleanse an object or space of evil and negativity.

Nutritionally, nettles have the highest percentage of protein of any known vegetable (10% protein), and are very high in vitamins (A, C, K, D and most B) and minerals (especially iron, calcium, selenium, sulphur, zinc, chromium and boron). Nettles contain biologically active compounds that reduce inflammation and may help prevent or reduce seasonal allergy symptoms, as well as help the liver build blood proteins to transport nutrients throughout the body and support healthy immune, digestive and reproductive systems. Nettles are also used to help nourish and prepare the female body for pregnancy, increase the strength of the fetus during pregnancy, and promote lactation in humans and animals.

Spring Herbcrafting with Nettles:

  1. Nourishing Infusions: As a spring tonic, drinking nettle infusions will help to nourish the whole body, gently cleanse the body of metabolic wastes, and purify and build the blood and liver, after a winter diet rich in fats and/or sweets. To make an infusion, place ¼ cup to ½ cup dried nettles* in 1 quart mason jar, fill with boiling water, lid tightly, and allow to steep for 4-10 hours. Strain well (composting the spent herbs) and drink warm or chilled, as desired. For best results, drink 2-4 cups a day for at least 30 days.

    *Note: Since the minerals and other phytochemicals in nourishing herbs are made more accessible by drying, dried herbs are considered best for infusions.

  2. Herbal Bathing: As an external body cleanse, bathing with nettles can cleanse the body energetically (washing away negative or dark energies), or physically (nourishing and fortifying the skin and hair). To make a nettle bath, infuse (as above) and add 1 -2 cups to the bath, or use as a hair or body rinse in the shower.

  3. Space Cleansing: To cleanse a space or home of evil and negativity, nettles can be hung, strewn or burnt (as an incense or smudge), alone or in combination with other purifying and/or protective herbs.

  4. Personal protection: To dispel fear and darkness and protect your energetic and personal space, small bags or pouches of nettles (alone or in combination with other purifying and/or protective herbs) can be sewn in a pocket, worn, carried, etc.

  5. Cleansing magical tools or objects: To cleanse magical tools or objects of negative energies and infuse them with protective energies, wash them in a strong infusion of nettles (prepared as above) or hold them over the smoke from burning nettles.